Quincy University -- TPS -- Primary Source Sets -- World War II [Feb 2013]

Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources at Quincy University

 

The following are resources selected from the Library of Congress on a specific topic.

World War II

 

President Roosevelt signing the declaration of war against Germany, Dec. 11, 1941. (1941). from Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/96522303/

 

World War II Collections, Activities, and Teaching Tools

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Churchill and theGreat Republic (Exhibition)

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World War II Military Situation Maps 1944-1945

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After the Day of Infamy: "Man-on-the-Street" Interviews Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor

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Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar

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World War II (Treasures Exhibit)

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The Days After The Days of Infamy (Wise Guide)

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He Called It 'The Great Republic' (Wise Guide)

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The United Service Organizations Was Chartered February 4, 1941 (America's Story)

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The Office of War Information Was Created June 13, 1942

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George S. Patton Jr (America's Story Meeting Amazing Americans)

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George C. Marshall (America's Story Meeting Amazing Americans)

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John Joseph Pershing (America's Story Meeting Amazing Americans)

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On the Homefront: America During World War I and World War II

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Rosie the Riveter

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They Blazed a Trail in the Air...The Tuskegee Airmen (Wise Guide)

 

World War II Buildings

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Presidio of San Francisco, World War II Mobilization Buildings Area B, West End of Crissy Field, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

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Fort McPherson, World War II Station Hospital, Nurses' Quarters, Anderson Way, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

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Fort McPherson, World War II Station Hospital, G. U. Treatment Unit Dispensary, Thorne Avenue, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

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Fort Hood, World War II Temporary Buildings, Company Maintenance Shop & Arms Room, North of Park Avenue at Forty-ninth Street, Killeen, Bell County, TX

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Fort Hood, World War II Temporary Buildings, Cold Storage Building, Seventeenth Street, Killeen, Bell County, TX

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Tule Lake Project Jail, Post Mile 44.85, State Route 139, Newell, Modoc County, CA

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U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Seaplane Ramps - World War II Type, Southwest and west shore of Ford Island, near Wasp Boulevard, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

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Fort Baker, Temporary World War II Warehouse, East Road & McReynolds Road, Sausalito, Marin County, CA

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Rock Island Arsenal, Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

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Rock Island Arsenal, Building No. 62, Rodman Avenue between First & Second Streets, Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

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General Dynamics Corporation Shipyard, 97 East Howard Street, Quincy, Norfolk County, MA

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U.S. Naval Base, Pearl Harbor, Monterey Storehouse Building No. 66, Avenue D, opposite Facility No. 167 & adjacent to Facility No. 71, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI

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Manzanar War Relocation Center, Observation (Guard) Tower, Independence, Inyo County, CA

 

World War II Transportation

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SORREL, CLOAKED IN HER HAZE-GRAY PAINT SCHEME, UNDERWAY DURING WORLD WAR II. A "MOUSETRAP" ANTI-SUBMARINE WEAPON SYSTEM IS CLEARLY VISIBLE ON THE BOW. VISIBLE ON THE STERN QUARTER IS THE OUTBOARD PORTION OF A DEPTH CHARGE LAUNCHER - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter SORREL, New York, New York County, NY

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[Tanks in Aschaffenburg tank works in Germany, destroyed by Americans in aerial bombing operations, World War II]

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Assembling tanks at a Soviet plant in the Urals, where workers maintained day and night schedules during World War II / Sovfoto.

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USS MISSOURI, Batttleship Row, Ford Island, Pearl City, Honolulu County, HI (multiple images)

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The Navy uses enormous amounts of rubber. At least seventy-five tons of rubber, enough to makes 17,000 tires, are used in the construction of each of these battleships. Tons more are needed for the naval planes that are making history over the world. Medical and communication requirements--and countless other needs of the Navy--are met

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Big guns of the battlewagons softened the Japs on Attu. Forward guns of a battleship bide their time

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U.S.S. Colorado

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USS Arizona, Submerged off Ford Island, Pearl Harbor, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

 

World War II Memorials

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World War II Memorial, Washington, D.C.

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Aerial view of the World War II memorial, Washington, D.C.

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Bas relief, World War II Memorial, Washington, D.C.

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Bas relief, World War II Memorial, Washington, D.C.

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World War II Memorial, Washington, D.C.

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World War II Memorial, Washington, D.C.

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World War II Memorial, Washington, D.C. / National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.

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Photograph of the "Library of Congress World War II Memorial," December 7, 1948

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/service/mss/mff/004/004012/004012t.gif

Photograph of the "Library of Congress World War II Memorial Dedication," December 7, 1948

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Monuments & memorials. Second Division monument, World War One II

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World War II Memorial, Waterbury, Connecticut

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Iwo Jima Memorial at dusk, Washington, D.C.

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Memorial to Those Who Did Not Return from the Great Fatherland War, Khabarovsk, Russia

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Memorial to Those Who Did Not Return from the Great Fatherland War, Khabarovsk, Russia

 

African American Involvement

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[Tuskegee airmen Marcellus G. Smith and Roscoe C. Brown, Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945]

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[Tuskegee airmen exiting the parachute room, Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945]

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[Edward C. Gleed and two unidentifiedTuskegee airmen, Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945]

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[Edward C. Gleed, Tuskegee pilot, standing, three-quarter length portrait]

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Tuskegee Airmen, 1945

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[Tuskegee airmen Woodrow W. Crockett and Edward C. Gleed, Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945]

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Tuskegee airmen Roscoe C. Brown, Marcellus G. Smith, and Benjamin O. Davis, Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945

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[Photograph of several Tuskegee airmen attending a briefing in Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945]

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[Members of the 332nd Fighter Group in Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945]

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[Pilot from the 332nd Fighter Group signing Form One Book]

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[Black fighter pilot series: "Escape kits" (cyanide) being distributed to fighter pilots at air base in southern Italy, 1945]

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NAACP photographs of African American soldiers in the Army, during World War II (multiple images)

 

World War II Posters

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"I've found the job where I fit best!" find your war job in industry, agriculture, business/ / George R[...].

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I'm proud ... my husband wants me to do my part See your U.S. Employment Service / / John Newton Howitt.

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The more women at work the sooner we win! Women are needed also as [...] See your local U.S. Employment Service.

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Americans all

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Careless talk costs lives / Al Doria.

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This happens when you talk to others about ship sailings Let's make New Orleans a safe port of departure / / John McCrady.

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The Jap way - cold-blooded murder We'll make them pay if you keep up production.

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No enemy sub will dare lift its eye if you lend your Zeiss or Bausch & Lomb binoculars to the Navy pack carefully, include your name and address : send to Naval Observatory Washington D.C.

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Disaster Broadcast receivers can help the enemy sink you : Don't use them! / / ETG.

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7th war loan. Now--all together / C.C. Beall from Associated Press photo.

Keep mum - the world has ears / Grigware.

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War gardens for victory--Grow vitamins at your kitchen door / lithographed by the Stecher-Traung Lithograph Corporation, Rochester, New York.

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If you can't go - buy war bonds Our bonds are their security!! : This hotel pledges a 100% payroll allotment.

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"Even a little can help a lot - now"--Buy U.S. war stamps, bonds / A. Parker.

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"Censored" Let's censor our conversation about the war.

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Stamp 'em out Buy U.S. stamps and bonds / / T.A. Byrne.

 

Women and the War

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Two Navy wives, Eva Herzberg and Elve Burnham, entered war work after their husbands joined the service, Glenview, Ill. They assemble bands for blood transfusion bottles at Baxter Laboratories. Mrs. Burnham is the mother of two children

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Women from all fields have joined the production army, Corpus Christi, Texas. Miss Grace Weaver, a civil service worker at the Naval Air Base, and a school teacher before the war, is doing her part for victory along with her brother who is a flying instructor in the Army. Miss Weaver paints the American insignia on repaired Navy plane wings

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Formerly a sculptress and designer of tiles, Dorothy Cole converted her basement into a workshop to tin plate needles for valves for blood transfusion bottles prepared by Baxter Laboratories where she lives, Glenview, Ill. She turns in her profits to war bonds to provide a college education for her young nephew

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War production workers at the Vilter [Manufacturing] Company making M5 and M7 guns for the U.S. Army, Milwaukee, Wis. Ex-housewife, age 24, filing small parts. Her husband and brother are in the armed service

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War production worker at the Vilter [Manufacturing] Company making M5 and M7 guns for the U.S. Army, Milwaukee, Wis. Ex-housewife, age 49, now doing bench work on small gun parts. Son [is] Second L[ieutenan]t, Son-in-law, Capt[ain] in Army

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War production workers at the Vilter [Manufacturing] Company making M5 and M7 guns for the U.S. Army, Milwaukee, Wis. Ex-stage orchestra musician, checking an M7 gun with gage, after turning out on a gun lathe. Her two brothers and husband are in the service

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Students at Washington High School at class, training for specific contributions to the war effort, Los Angeles, Calif. Ralph Angar, instructor, explains propeller characteristics to student[s] in the aeronautics class

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Women (mainly "Flakwaffenhelferinnin" of the antiaircraft gun auxilliary) assisting in German air defense systems during World War II (multiple images)

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Naval air base, Corpus Christi, Texas. Women are contributing their skills to the nation's needs by keeping our country's planes in top-notch fighting condition. Wife of a disabled World War II veteran, Mrs. Cora Ann Bowen (left) worked as a cowler at the naval air base in Corpus Christi, Texas. Mrs. Eloise J. Ellis is a senior supervisor in the assembly and repairs department

 

Other Items

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NAACP photographs of African American soldiers in the Army Air Force, primarily during World War II

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German troops, Nazi officials, etc., during World War II (multiple images)

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Russia during World War II (multiple images)

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New York Port of embarkation during World War II. In days of peace, a stateroom for one

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New York Port of embarkation during World War II. He knows his job and he wants to get it done

Pacific theater during the World War II (multiple images)

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[Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., posed in his jeep in France during World War II] / Walter Scott Shinn, New York.

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Canadian military participation in World War II (multiple images)

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Eleanor Roosevelt on goodwill tour in Great Britain during World War II (multiple images)

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European theater during World War II (multiple images)

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[Interior view of factory in China during World War II]

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New York Port of embarkation during World War II. And climb aboard

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U.S. Army Air Corps and U.S. Air Force during and after World War II (multiple images)

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[European refugees in Germany during World War II]

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[Soldiers looking at ship in the distance]

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German photographs of the second World War, 1939-1945 (multiple images)

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[Panoramic view of German fortifications under construction on the coast] / Hermann Harz.

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[President Roosevelt signing the declaration of war against Germany, Dec. 11, 1941]

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Announcing state of war with Germany

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Japanese-American camp, war emergency evacuation, [Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, Calif.]

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Oakland, Calif., April 1942 - War relocation story

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Crimean Conference--Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Marshal Joseph Stalin at the palace in Yalta, where the Big Three met / /U.S. Signal Corps photo.

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Memorandum in Russian from Joseph Stalin about opening a second front in Europe during World War II, with English translation of same, 13 August 1942. (W. Averell Harriman Papers)

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Naval dispatch from the Commander in Chief Pacific (CINCPAC) announcing the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941. (John J. Ballentine Papers)

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Letter, Franklin D. Roosevelt to J. Robert Oppenheimer thanking the physicist and his colleagues for their ongoing secret atomic research, 29 June 1943. (J. Robert Oppenheimer Papers)

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Gen. George S. Patton's diary entries for March 1943. (George S. Patton Papers)

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[American Marines raising American flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, 1945]

 

Veterans History Project (Interviews)

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World War II Reunion May 27-30, 2004 at National Mall

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Norman Wesley Achen Collection

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Harry Ackerman Collection

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Robert Earle Campbell Collection

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Donald E. Smith Collection

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Francis O. Cunningham Collection

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Marion Ulysses Graham Collection

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Charles A. Matz Collection

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Nelson Lee Prince Collection

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Robert Eugene Barney Collection

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Charles C. Daugherty Collection

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Search Veterans History Project

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Milton Holmes Collection